Vermont Green Line and Citizens Energy Announce Partnership

Collaboration to Assist Low-Income Energy Customers in Vermont

Wakefield and Waltham, MA, August 25, 2016— The Vermont Green Line today announced a new partnership with Citizens Energy Corporation to assist low-income Vermont residents with their energy needs.

By becoming an owner in the Vermont Green Line alongside National Grid, Citizens Energy will finance its share of the line and use its profits, in concert with the project partners, to help working families and others in need in Vermont.

Citizens Energy partners with utilities and experienced developers across the country to develop new high-voltage transmission lines. Under its unique model, Citizens Energy’s projects —now including the Vermont Green Line—increase grid reliability, unlock access to large quantities of renewable energy, and fund charitable programs for people living in the area, all at no additional cost to ratepayers.

“We are thrilled about this collaboration with Citizens,” said Ed Krapels, CEO of Anbaric, the lead developer of Vermont Green Line. “It builds on the significant benefits the Vermont Green Line will bring to the state, including economic development, community investment, and lower market energy prices.”

The Vermont Green Line is being developed by Anbaric and National Grid, which joined forces in 2014 to develop transmission lines to bring cost-effective, renewable energy into New England. Their alliance is developing the Vermont Green Line, a proposed 60-mile, 400 megawatt HVDC transmission line linking wind and hydropower resources north and west of Beekmantown, New York, with New Haven, Vermont, via a cable to be buried along public roadways and submerged beneath the waters of Lake Champlain. With its global record of accomplishment in connection with such projects, the National Grid-Anbaric alliance offers unrivaled experience in the field of HVDC transmission development.

“Citizens Energy is excited to be a part of this effort to bring carbon-free, clean energy to the region – while continuing our corporate mission to use profits from successful ventures to assist those in need,” said Citizens Energy Chairman and President Joseph P. Kennedy II. “This project shows how building green transmission lines can benefit ratepayers and the environment while helping the most vulnerable families in our midst. We look forward to working with National Grid, Anbaric, and our friends in Vermont to deliver affordable clean energy through the Vermont Green Line.”

In California, Citizens has used profits from its ownership stake in the $1.9 billion SunrisePowerlink line to install photovoltaic solar systems on the rooftops of low-income families in the Imperial Valley, the poorest region of the state, at no cost to homeowners. The Solar Homes program has allowed households to cut their energy costs significantly and make air-conditioning more affordable in a region where summer temperatures soar over 110 degree and pose health risks to senior citizens, young children, and other vulnerable citizens.

Working with Vermonters, Citizens Energy will use its ownership in the Vermont Green Line to find similar ways to help low-income residents in the state cut their energy costs, reduce reliance on fossil fuels, and take part in the clean energy revolution.

“We are grateful to Joe Kennedy and Citizens Energy for their partnership and innovative business model to use their profits to help those in need,” said Dean Seavers, US President for National Grid. “In addition to transitioning the region to a clean energy future, we are proud to give back to the many host communities that have been collaborative throughout the project’s progress.”

About Anbaric
Anbaric, headquartered in Wakefield, Massachusetts, has a track record of leadership in developing competitively selected High Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) transmission projects in New York. Anbaric’s corporate mission is to develop innovative, large electric infrastructure projects. As a developer, Anbaric invests in projects that will have long life spans, the foremost being electric transmission assets. Anbaric is also developing a series of large microgrids, known too as distributed energy systems. For more information, please visit

About National Grid
National Grid (LSE: NG; NYSE: NGG) is an electricity and natural gas delivery company that serves the energy needs of more than 20 million people through its networks in New York, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island. It is the largest distributor of natural gas in the Northeast. National Grid also operates the systems that deliver gas and electricity across Great Britain.

Through its Connect21 strategy in the U.S., National Grid is transforming its electricity and natural gas networks to support the 21st century digital economy with smarter, cleaner, and more resilient energy solutions. Connect21 is vital to our communities’ long-term economic and environmental health and aligns with regulatory initiatives in New York (REV: Reforming the Energy Vision) and Massachusetts (Grid Modernization). National Grid, in 2015 and 2016, was named by Newsweek to be the No.1 green utility in the US and UK.

About Citizens Energy Corporation
Citizens Energy Corporation, a Boston-based non-profit founded in 1979 by former Congressman Joseph P. Kennedy II, has a long history of using revenues from successful commercial energy ventures to finance charitable programs to help the poor. Starting in the oil and natural gas industries, Citizens also launched innovative businesses in the health care, electricity trading, and energy conservation fields. More recently, the company expanded into the solar, wind and transmission industries – in every case using profits from its ventures to help the poor wherever it operates.


08.03.16: Anbaric: Renewable Electricity Transmission Using High-Voltage Direct Current Technology

Article originally appears in CleanTechnica, 08.03.16

In an era of producing multiple forms of renewable electricity, the transmission of this high-voltage energy is becoming increasingly important.

Anbaric often uses high-voltage direct current (HVDC) technology, heralded as one of the “advanced transmission technologies” in the 2005 Energy Policy Act, which provided for the development of a stronger energy infrastructure.

HVDC systems have been in use commercially worldwide since 1954, when the island of Gotland was connected to mainland Sweden via a 60-mile cable. Since then, more than 25 systems have been installed globally. Most often they are used in marine applications where the distance for AC installation is too great. Other times they are used in parallel with AC systems where they provide additional operating control for the system operator.

HVDC systems provide many advantages for installation and construction and can contribute greatly to reliable and flexible operation of an electrical grid. These include:

  • Higher efficiency in moving large amounts of power over long distances
  • Very high reliability with 98.5% availability
  • Full controllability when needed to react quickly to changes in AC frequency
  • System oscillations can be controlled independent of AC system variations or in response to AC system conditions
  • Improving the stability of AC systems, including increasing the stability of parallel AC lines
  • Overload capabilities and controllability that can be beneficial to overall system operations and reliability
  • Ability to provide reactive power control and support of AC voltage, frequency control, limitation of short-circuit current, and transmission at reduced voltage
  • Greatly reduced vulnerability to adverse weather conditions — such as hurricanes, tornadoes, or ice storms — for submarine and buried cable

Anbaric CEO Edward Krapels spent the first 30 years of his career as an energy consultant to governments and companies for Energy Security Analysis, Inc., a company he founded with Sarah Emerson. In 2000, Mr. Krapels left ESAI and founded Anbaric to participate in the development of electric transmission projects…(Read More)

08.01.16: Statement of Developers of Proposed Vermont Green Line and Maine Green Line on MA Energy Legislation

Wakefield, MA, August 1, 2016—The developers of the proposed Vermont Green Line and Maine Green Line, Ed Krapels, CEO of Anbaric, and John Flynn, National Grid senior vice president of US Business Development, today issued the following statement on the energy bill:

“The passage of this bill marks a major milestone for the advancement of clean energy in Massachusetts, and we congratulate both the House and the Senate for their forward thinking. This legislation embraces competition as a means to accelerate the addition of significant renewable resources to the Bay State’s energy portfolio, thereby improving the environment and helping to meet policy goals in a way that is cost-effective for consumers. We also appreciate that our Massachusetts legislature recognizes the combination of onshore wind and hydropower as an efficient bridge to offshore wind development.”